By Rudy J. Koshar
Over the process the 20th century, Germans have commemorated and maintained a number of ancient buildings—from medieval fortresses and cathedrals to city districts and nineteenth-century working-class housing. however the perform of ancient maintenance has occasionally confirmed debatable, as varied teams of Germans have sought to take advantage of ancient structure to symbolize competing models in their nation's history.Transient Pasts is the 1st e-book to envision the function that the ancient upkeep circulation has performed in German cultural background and reminiscence from the tip of the 19th century to the early 1970s.Focusing on key public debates over historical protection, Rudy Koshar charts a trajectory of cultural politics during which historic structure either facilitated and constrained Germans' efforts to spot as a state. He demonstrates that old structures and monuments have served as enduring symbols of nationwide heritage in a rustic scarred through the traumas of 2 international wars, Nazism, the Holocaust, and political department. His findings problem either the generally approved argument that Germans have always repressed their earlier and the competition that Germany's extreme public engagement with background considering the fact that reunification is unheard of.
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Extra resources for Germany's transient pasts: preservation and national memory in the twentieth century
Winfried Speitkamp's very informative research considers preservation organizations and state agencies in a wider context of modern German state policy. A significant advantage of Speitkamp's work is that it offers a more differentiated picture of preservationists' attitudes toward modernity, rejecting an earlier scholarship that put preservation squarely on the side of reactionary antimodernists and cultural pessimists. But Speitkamp's research necessarily concentrates more on an administrative-bureaucratic history than on the role preservationists played in national memory-work, it intentionally leaves out information on historical buildings per se, and it covers only the period from 1871 to 1933.
The Heimat revival in Germany was after all about memory, Page xiii about stimulating a sense of continuity but also about forgetting painful moments in the past. Although this book wears its theory lightly and chooses rather pragmatically between various concepts, it remains indebted to the interdisciplinary discussions that have shaped current studies of culture and memory. Many institutions and individuals have aided my research and writing along the way. A fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation along with a Faculty Research and Innovation Fund grant from the University of Southern California and a summer fellowship from the German Academic Exchange Service funded the early stages of my research.
180 Sodom and Gomorrah 188 Page vi Five Commemorative Noise 199 Murky Transitions 200 Archipelagoes of Memory 209 Fragments of a Nation 218 Desire and Doubt 227 Six A Normal Memory 245 The New Past 246 Revived Institutions 253 A Nation Like Any Other 258 The New Past and the Old 273 Seven The New Cult Of Monuments 289 The New Society 290 Demand for Totality? 298 A Transformed Nation 306 Every Text, Grand or Humble 314 A Future for the Past 323 Conclusion Wrapped Reichstag 329 Notes 341 Bibliography 377 Index 409 Page vii Illustrations Alter Markt 20/22, Cologne 3 Strasbourg cathedral 32 Georg Dehio 33 Paul Clemen 38 Cologne's Gürzenich assembly hall 42 Marienburg 46 Lübeck 48 Dresden 50 Bacharach house 53 The Alsatian fortress Hohkönigsburg 56 Alois Riegl 58 Cologne cityscape at night 61 Rothenburg ob der Tauber 62 Halberstadt 65 Trier 71 Reims cathedral in World War I 82 Reims statuary before and after German bombing 84 German war monuments vandalized 96 Duderstadt streetscapes 118 Page viii Wartburg 120 Stuttgart Old Castle 124 Gustav Decker's Cologne ensemble 127 Ernst Stern's Brandenburg Gate 129 Bruno Taut's colorful facade 132 Jacobikirche bells 138 Nuremberg's old German ambience 140 Munich in Weimar poster art 142 Marksburg in the Rhineland 143 Genovevaburg in the Eifel region 146 Performance of Nazi building plans 158 Braunschweig cathedral as a model for relevant historic preservation 160 Nazi psychotopography of Berlin 161 Speyer cathedral 173 Autobahn as a window on commercialized history and landscape 176 Frankfurt am Main Altstadt 178 Paul Herrmann's The Flag 182 Marching columns in decorated Nuremberg 183 Nazi kitsch 185 Cologne after the bombings 201 Troops march through Münster rubble 203 Doing away with unsavory monuments on the Munich Königsplatz 206 Cologne's St.
Germany's transient pasts: preservation and national memory in the twentieth century by Rudy J. Koshar