By C. L. Sonnichsen
After lengthy resistance opposed to super odds, Geronimo, the Apache shaman and warfare chief, and Naiche, the hereditary Chiricahua leader, surrendered to basic Nelson A. Miles close to the Mexican border on September four, 1886. It used to be the start of a brand new day for white settlers within the Southwest and of sour exile for the Indians. In Geronimo and the tip of the Apache Wars Lieutenant Charles B. Gatewood, an emissary of normal Miles, describes in bright circumstantial element his position within the ultimate seize of Geronimo at Skeleton Canyon. Gatewood deals many intimate glimpses of the Apache leader in an enormous account released for the 1st time during this assortment. one other first-person narration is via Samuel E. Kenoi, who was once ten years outdated while Geronimo went on his final warpath. A Chiricahua Apache, Kenoi remembers the removing of his humans to Florida after the quit. In different colourful chapters Edwin R. Sweeney writes concerning the 1851 raid of the Mexican military that killed Geronmio's mom, spouse, and youngsters; and Albert E. Wratten relates the lifetime of his father, George Wratten, a central authority scout, superintendent on 3 reservations, and defender of the rights of the Apaches.
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Extra info for Geronimo and the End of the Apache Wars
In 1900, fifteen years after his last break-out in 1885, Outing magazine still believed the worst: Seventy-six white men, women and children were killed by Geronimo in his last raid. 12 This was giving the devil a good deal more than his due, since Geronimo was only a minor figure until the eighties, overshadowed by Victorio, Mangus Colorado, and Cochise. The Apache menace, however, was very real to the settlers. Historians now discount the outrage of the pioneers and the hysterics of the newspapers, attributing ulterior motives to the merchants and editors as they demanded more soldiers to chase Indians and bring more business to Arizona and New Mexico.
199, 244. , p. 53. 8 General Nelson A. Miles, Personal Recollections and Observations (Chicago: The Werner Company, 1897), p. 445. 9 General George Crook, "The Apache Problem," typescript, Gatewood Collection, Arizona Historical Society, Tucson, Box 2, Folder 5. 10 Woodworth Clum, Apache Agent: the Story of John P. Clum (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1978, first published, 1936), p. 228. 11 Carolyn Row Barber to C. L. , May 31, 1985. 12 "Outdoor Men and Women," Outing (January, 1900), p.
44 Even the later paperback novels show signs of generosity toward the Apaches. Al Sieber, Crook's chief of scouts and a man with no delusions about the situation, is sometimes the spokesman. In Lewis B. Patten's The Hands of Geronimo he comments: "All in all, I'd say it was a goddam stinkin' mess that nobody can do much about. " I asked. "Treat 'em right. See that they got food and clothes enough to keep 'em warm. Let 'em live in the mountains around Fort Apache where they've always lived. "45 Hunter Ingram in Fort Apache (1975) takes the campaign a few steps farther.
Geronimo and the End of the Apache Wars by C. L. Sonnichsen