Grapevine Yellows Diseases and Their Phytoplasma Agents: by Marina Dermastia, Assunta Bertaccini, Fiona Constable, PDF

By Marina Dermastia, Assunta Bertaccini, Fiona Constable, Nataša Mehle

ISBN-10: 3319506471

ISBN-13: 9783319506470

ISBN-10: 331950648X

ISBN-13: 9783319506487

This paintings is to collect our present wisdom on GY phytoplasma biology on the genomic, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics point, in addition to to summarize the techniques for his or her detection.Phytoplasma are the main poorly characterised plant pathogenic micro organism from the Mollicutes classification. lately new biostatistics and bioinformatics methods have greater our figuring out in their biology and interactions with host grapevines and a very good development has been made towards their molecular detection, either in laboratories and on-site. they've got a huge variety of plant hosts one of the monocots and dicots, and ailments of many very important plants are linked to those pathogens. not less than ten taxonomically unrelated phytoplasmas, considered one of them a quarantine pest in Europe, were linked to grapevine yellows illnesses (GY), that have nice financial effect on viticulture worldwide.

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Additional info for Grapevine Yellows Diseases and Their Phytoplasma Agents: Biology and Detection

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2011; Yang et al. 2013). Their proximity to vineyards and importance as reservoirs of ‘Ca. P. australasiae’ for grapevine are not known. Alternative hosts of BVGY have not been reported. Genetic diversity has been reported among ‘Ca. P. australiense’ strains from different plant hosts in Australia and New Zealand and among strains from Australian grapevines (Streten and Gibb 2005; Constable and Symons 2004). It is not known if the diversity of ‘Ca. P. australiense’ strains from grapevines is linked to biological differences.

FD and PGY strains each fall into to two distinct 16SrV subgroups, 16SrV-C and 16SrV-D (Martini et al. 1999; Davis and Dally 2001) and the 16SrV-C strains also include AldY (Angelini et al. 2003). The multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis using the rp, secY, map and uvrB-degV genes can further divide FD within the 16SrV-C and 16SrV-D groups into genetically distinct strains. These were originally detected in FD strains from France and Italy, and were designated as mapFD1(FD-C; 16SrV-C) with high genetic variability, mapFD2 (FD-D; 16SrV-D) with lower genetic variability, and mapFD3 (FD-C; 16SrV-C), which is genetically very distinct from the previous 16SrV-C group (Martini et al.

Obsoletus, the primary vector of BN in Europe that completes its lifecycle on C. arvensis, has not been reported in Chile (Constable 2010). 4 Grapevine Yellows Phytoplasmas in Africa Grapevine yellows diseases were first reported in Africa in Tunisia in 2004, and were associated with 16SrI-B phytoplasmas (M’hirsi et al. 2004). There is no further information about GYP in this northern African region. In 2006, there were two separate reports of GY disease for the western Cape of South Africa: one was associated with a mixed infection of 16SrXII-A and 16SrII-B phytoplasmas, and the other was associated with 16SrI-B phytoplasmas (Botti and Bertaccini 2006b; Engelbrecht et al.

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Grapevine Yellows Diseases and Their Phytoplasma Agents: Biology and Detection by Marina Dermastia, Assunta Bertaccini, Fiona Constable, Nataša Mehle


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