Gulf Coast Archaeology: The Southeastern United States and by Nancy Marie White PDF

By Nancy Marie White

ISBN-10: 0813028086

ISBN-13: 9780813028088

Native peoples dwelling round the Gulf of Mexico had a lot in universal, from the time of the earliest hunter-fisher-gatherers onward. there were hypotheses of prehistoric interplay among the southeastern usa and Mesoamerica, yet explorations of the tactics were few. This quantity chronicles the archaeological continuities and discontinuities alongside the Gulf Coast from Archaic via Postclassic/Mississippian instances and later, together with shell mounds/middens and estuarine diversifications, subsistence similarities, the connection of early cost and sea point upward thrust, cultural complexity, early enormous building, long-distance trade kinfolk, and symbolism and iconography.

            Many controversial matters are explored. Northeastern Mexico is a zone particularly distant from the Mesoamerican heartland, as is coastal Texas from the southeastern usa. The connecting quarter of the south Texas/Mexican coast could have been too inhospitable for a lot habitation, therefore inhibiting interplay, but a few artifact kinds and kinds, let alone nutrients vegetation, crossed those barriers. The long-distance diffusion of principles of sociocultural complexity, nutrients construction, and monument development are reexamined in Gulf Coast Archaeology with new information and large geographic prespectives. This booklet is a crucial contribution to the speculation of prehistoric tradition touch and interplay among local teams in North the United States and Mesoamerica, which has been an brazenly debated subject during the last century.



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It is no surprise to see such aboriginal constructions in a place such as this where the rock is easily available right at the site. In fact, the general rule seems to be that mounds were constructed of whatever was available all over the New World. Other mounds in the Florida Keys are even faced with large conch shells (Fundaburk and Foreman 1957:106). We do know that the pattern of accretional construction of platform mounds is widespread, with individual building stages discernible as burned layers covered by new floors, often of colorful clay or other soil (red, yellow, gray, even black or blue) that would have been distinctive and visible from afar in the forested Southeast.

Or are middens more deeply buried under swamps and later occupations or inundated due to rising sea level? S. Gulf Coast. It is very interesting, as Pool notes in chapter 10, that zooarchaeological remains at Olmec San Lorenzo Prehistoric Connections around the Gulf Coast / 15 include turtles but not mollusks and crustaceans, despite the nearby aquatic environments. Oyster and clam shell middens and shell tools characterize coastal settlements from preceramic through historic times wherever they are found, from the north coast around at least to Santa Luisa on the Tecolutla River in central Veracruz (Wilkerson 1981; Weaver 1993:23), and many of these are now seen as fairly permanent settlements.

For a long time we have recognized no artifact of Mexican origin in the eastern United States, or vice versa, despite over half a century of looking. This idea is changing. A particularly interesting case is that of obsidian, a volcanic rock that does not occur naturally anywhere near the eastern United States. Beginning this research in 1999, I investigated some reported obsidian from a Middle Woodland mound site in Tallahassee, on the northwestern Florida Gulf Coast (Jones and Tesar 1996). Before the sourcing work was begun, however, I saw that it would be useless: the material was really dark gray chert.

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Gulf Coast Archaeology: The Southeastern United States and Mexico by Nancy Marie White

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