By Cameron B. Wesson
These strange with the prehistory of North the United States have a normal belief of the cultures of the continent that incorporates local americans residing in tipis, donning feathered headdresses and buckskin garments, and following migratory bison herds at the nice Plains. even though those practices have been a part of a few local American societies, they don't competently characterize the range of cultural practices via the overpowering majority of local American peoples. Media misrepresentations formed via tv and films besides a spotlight on choose areas and sessions within the heritage of the USA have produced an incredibly distorted view of the indigenous population of the continent and their cultures. The indigenous populations of North the USA created remarkable societies, engaged in alternate, and had diversified fiscal, social, and spiritual cultures. over the last century, archaeological and ethnological examine all through all areas of North the US has printed a lot concerning the indigenous peoples of the continent. This ebook examines the lengthy and intricate historical past of human career in North the United States, masking its targeted tradition in addition to parts of the Arctic, California, jap Woodlands, nice Basin, nice Plains, Northwest Coast, Plateau, Southwest, and Subarctic. whole with maps, a chronology that spans the historical past from 11,000 B.C. to A.D. 1850, an introductory essay, greater than seven hundred dictionary entries, and a accomplished bibliography, this reference is a worthy device for students and scholars. An appendix of museums that experience North American collections and a list of archaeological websites that permit excursions via the general public additionally make this an obtainable advisor to the lay reader and highschool scholar.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Early North America (Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations and Historical Eras)
ADENA COMPLEX. Variously described as a culture and a ceremonial complex, Adena sites represent an Early Woodland cultural climax in portions of southern Ohio and Indiana, northern Kentucky, southwestern Pennsylvania, and northwestern West Virginia. The Adena Complex derives its name from the Adena mound group in Ross County, Ohio, originally excavated by W. C. Mills of the Ohio State Museum in 1901. P. D. 100). Adena sites are characterized by the presence of large burial mounds and complex geometric earthworks.
This technique is particularly useful in dating fire pits, hearths, kilns, and other clay-lined features. ARCHAEOZOOLOGY. See ZOOARCHAEOLOGY. ARCHAIC. General term applied to the cultures that developed out of the earlier Paleoindian groups of North America. P. ); however, in many regions of North America indigenous peoples continued to practice Archaic lifestyles until European contact. Archaeological data indicate that Archaic peoples exhibited increasingly diverse subsistence strategies and material cultures.
Additionally, the advent of commercial hunting with the deer skin trade further disrupted Native American cultures throughout the continent. Meanwhile, groups in portions of the Southwest, California, and Southeast were brought under the Spanish Mission system and forced to abandon almost all aspects of their precontact cultures. For Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands and Great Plains, perhaps the greatest source of culture change was the annexation of their traditional territories and their removal to distant reservations or small allotments that were only fragments of their previous territories.
Historical Dictionary of Early North America (Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations and Historical Eras) by Cameron B. Wesson