By Francis Hutcheson
Francis Hutcheson used to be the 1st significant thinker of the Scottish Enlightenment, and one of many nice thinkers within the background of British ethical philosophy. He firmly rejected the view, universal then as now, that morality is not anything greater than the prudent pursuit of self-interest, arguing in prefer of a idea of an ethical experience. the 2 formerly inaccessible texts awarded listed here are the main eloquent expressions of this conception. Thomas Mautner's advent presents a mass of recent info at the highbrow context of Hutcheson's paintings.
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Extra info for Hutcheson: Two Texts on Human Nature
Kennett was a Fellow of Corpus Christi College in Oxford, and eventually President. He served as chaplain to the factory in Leghorn 1706-13. 35 He was widely known as the author of The Antiquities of Rome 01696), for a century the standard handbook. Did nature so contract the prospects which religion open's [sic] to our view, as to let death close the scenes and shut out all beyond, to expect so unprofitable an honesty, would be to look for the stream, when we stopp'd the fountain. All the reasons and measures of acting, which arise from the temporal condition of things must be finally resolv'd into interest: to which tho1 Virtue points out the safe and infallible path, yet Vice, as better skill'd in by-ways, is too often the more expeditious guide.
35 factory: an establishment carrying on business in a foreign country; a trading station for a merchant company. 22 Introduction he developed in works written in his twenties. His originality and independence of mind was also shown in his challenge to Newton's infinitesimal calculus, in his writings on the contemporary political and economic situation in Ireland, etc. 37 Thomas Johnson Yet another typical statement is provided by Thomas Johnson, Fellow of Magdalene College in Cambridge. He edited Pufendorf's De officio with copious annotations, and published a few works on theology and moral philosophy.
He makes use of a teleological theory, and introduces a distinction between Hutcheson 's contribution 43 what is conforming to nature and what is contrary to nature. It will be useful to consider some of the arguments more closely. Irrational motivation In paragraph 6 of the Reflections, Hutcheson refers to a very ingenious author' who has argued that men's practices are very little influenced by their principles. We are perfectly capable of acting contrary to what we ourselves believe to be in our best interest.
Hutcheson: Two Texts on Human Nature by Francis Hutcheson