Read e-book online Indians and British Outposts in Eighteenth-Century America PDF

By Daniel Ingram

ISBN-10: 0813037972

ISBN-13: 9780813037974

This interesting examine the cultural and armed forces value of British forts within the colonial period explains how those forts served as groups in Indian nation greater than as bastions of British imperial strength. Their protection relied on protecting solid kin with the neighborhood local americans, who included the forts into their monetary and social lifestyles in addition to into their recommendations.

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Extra info for Indians and British Outposts in Eighteenth-Century America

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Because of their stationary locations, forts were unsuited to managing the Indian trade; it was preferable to have traders and Indian agents living near native population centers. In Indian country, settlers would do no better than forts to enrich the empire, because the backcountry’s remoteness made any crops raised or merchandise produced there too expensive to export. Inspired by his expert on indigenous peoples, Sir William Johnson, Gage’s biggest concern was Indian dissatisfaction with British encroachment.

Even at Fort Chartres, where Illinois and Wabash-region Indians did not fear or, in some cases, even respect the British regime, Indians were heavily involved in British fort life. In these five locations, and throughout the North American backcountry, forts were Indian as well as European places. Despite the occasional appearance of British incompetence and ineffectiveness, this study is not intended as a critique of the British fort system or military regime in North America. In Indian country, just as in Ireland, Africa, and India, British colonial outposts were implanted with multiple objectives.

Johnson berated Iroquois leaders for not restricting these activities. “Your People are daily coming hither with Numbers of Kegs as if this was a Trading House for Rum,” he scolded Six Nations representatives at Fort Johnson. ” Fort commandants repeatedly attempted to restrict the sale of rum, and tried to include less alcohol in their allocation of gifts. 23 Liquor struck at the heart of British attempts to impose mastery over a region. If Indians viewed military posts as places for entertainment and alcohol, then the forts’ roles as intimidating outposts of empire would be undermined.

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Indians and British Outposts in Eighteenth-Century America by Daniel Ingram

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