By Norma J. Chalmers
The normal photo of and business kin in Japan is of a few very huge corporations delivering tremendous beautiful operating stipulations for his or her chuffed and contented crew. Norma Chalmers indicates that there's actually one other, very varied part to the image, which happens within the the peripheral zone. right here, stipulations are frequently bad, wages very low and continuity of employment nearly non-existent. there are lots of small corporations the place the effectiveness of employee agency and bargaining declines because the firm's dimension and proximity to the commercial centre lessen. additionally, as Chalmers exhibits, the peripheral quarter is huge, and the normal photo of the version staff should still most likely be restricted to a couple flagship businesses. The publication argues that the version nature of the big organisations may perhaps stem partially from the truth that they may be able to off-load difficulties onto smaller corporations who produce the elements valuable for the massive company zone at disadvantageous subcontract phrases.
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Extra info for Industrial Relations in Japan: The Peripheral Sector (Nissan Institute Routledge Japanese Studies Series)
From such perceptions, stereotypical models of Japan’s industrial relations are sustained. They are closely related to the debate on the continuity of value systems, in which hierarchical relationships and the enterprise as a community are seen to be crucial elements. As has been noted, the debate pervades Japanese studies, although the question of ‘tradition’ is also raised in other culture-specific and comparative studies. In the Japanrelated literature it is evident in the good management (unitary) school, and to an extent in variants of the compromise, consensus and coalition (pluralist) school.
The values attributed to Japan’s industrial relations do not persist of their own momentum but are drilled into popular and academic perceptions by means of ‘the company is a family’, or the ‘Japan-is-Hitachi’ syndrome. This line of thought has to a large extent stemmed from the foregoing examination of the literature concerned with comparative analysis, labour-market segmentation, and the labour process. These contributions to the Japan-related literature were analysed with power relations in mind, and it is also from this perspective, that discussion turns finally to look at micro-studies—research into particular aspects of Japan’s workforce.
4. Neither Kamata nor Woronoff has gained the spectacular and continuing popularity of Vogel. Vogel’s bestseller sold 500,000 copies in the first year of publication. Written in the culturalist genre and in highly positive terms, Vogel’s work is not dealt with here, because clearly it does not come within the classification of micro-studies, nor does it concern itself with the issues addressed in this book. 5. During an interview (13 January 1983), Kato Yūji elaborated on his research findings in the construction industry.
Industrial Relations in Japan: The Peripheral Sector (Nissan Institute Routledge Japanese Studies Series) by Norma J. Chalmers