By Melvin Goldman, Yoshitaka Okada (auth.), Yoshitaka Okada Ph.D. (eds.)
Japan's expertise help approach has performed a vital function in constructing organisations technological potential and stimulating their innovation. How has it been performed, and why is it potent? The learn findings awarded the following express that what has labored most sensible in Japan is inter-firm cooperative studying, which calls for the aid of public know-how associations to advertise cooperation, disseminate expertise, and facilitate innovation. one of several books released approximately eastern expertise guidelines and company administration, this can be the 1st to teach definitively that cooperative studying is necessary in a large spectrum of companies, whether they are keiretsu-affiliated. With a caveat at the obstacles of the japanese procedure from an institutional standpoint, the countrys techno-governance constitution is printed to be better in assembly-oriented industries than in those who are basic-science orientated and hire quickly altering technology.
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Extra resources for Japan’s Industrial Technology Development: The Role of Cooperative Learning and Institutions
Advancement of computer technology and lower computer prices in the near future are expected to spread this technology to firms. The third aspect is to improve firms' design capability. Firms in Osaka and the prefecture and national government in 1990 established the Osaka Textile Resource Centre, a joint-stock company. Since 1993 it has built a database and conducted training, designs and exhibitions. These three aspects are expected to stimulate the technological transformation of textile firms.
Some have joint-venture partners for technology transfer. Public TSls help textile firms develop in three aspects (1) materials and material production. (2) apparel production, and (3) designs. The first aspect is research into new fibers. The National Institute of Materials and Chemical Research (NIMCR) conducts polymer-related R&D such as analysis and synthesis of structure controlled molecular assemblers and fine structures of polymer blends. This institute identifies firms' technological needs through diverse means such as the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), the Industrial Technology Council, technology councils attached to local/regional and national technical institutes, the Technology Information Exchange Meetings of all public institutes, etc.
The Economic Institution of Capitalism. New York: The Free Press. 39 CHAPTER TWO Diversity in Technological Support: Industrial Differences By YOSHITAKA OKADA Sophia University, Tokyo INTRODUCTION Interaction among firms and between firms and technology supporting institutions (TSls) in Japan has stimulated technological innovation. Industries, however, have different technological needs, and they work with different types of firms and TSls. Effective support implies matching needs and services, and Japan has developed diverse TSls and encouraged many kinds of relationships among firms.
Japan’s Industrial Technology Development: The Role of Cooperative Learning and Institutions by Melvin Goldman, Yoshitaka Okada (auth.), Yoshitaka Okada Ph.D. (eds.)