Read e-book online Jewish Philosophy A–Z PDF

By Aaron W. Hughes (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1137120908

ISBN-13: 9781137120908

ISBN-10: 1403972656

ISBN-13: 9781403972651

In an available type and structure, Jewish Philosophy A-Z covers every thing from Philo to Levinas and explores non-Jewish thinkers, resembling Plotinus and Heidegger, who've had an immense effect on Jewish philosophy.

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That which does not have a beginning cannot have an end). Not all medieval Jewish philosophers agreed: Gersonides, for example, argues that the world was generated, but would not cease to exist. See creation; creation a parte post; eternity; Gersonides creation a parte post: This is a term used to refer to the incorruptible nature of the universe. e. that which does not have an end cannot have a beginning), for medieval Jewish philosophers this implication did not necessarily follow. See creation; creation a parte ante; eternity creation, eternal: This account posits creation as the eternal production of the world.

The Asharites also criticised the Mutazilite concept of individuals as free agents, and instead argued that God's power was absolute and his decrees irreversible. This led subsequent Asharites to develop an elaborate atomic theory, in which everything in this world is made up of atoms and accidents that are continuously maintained or destroyed by God. Asharism would eventually become the orthodox theological school in Islam. There is little evidence that there were Jewish Asharites, yet the various debates between the Asharites and the Mutazilites played a large role in the emergence of Jewish philosophy as can be witnessed in the theologicalphilosophical thought of Saadia Gaon.

R. Wolfson 1994 covenant: The personal God of rabbinic Judaism has a special relationship with one group of people, Israel. This relationship is understood in terms of an eternal covenant, a perpetual interaction that cannot be broken. The covenantal relationship is spelled out in the Torah, and reward and punishment is understood in terms of the ability or inability of Israel to fulfill its terms of the covenantal relationship. The concept of covenant, even if redefined, plays a large role in Jewish philosophy and it succeeds in separating it markedly from Greek philosophy.

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Jewish Philosophy A–Z by Aaron W. Hughes (auth.)

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