Download PDF by Josephus, H. St. J. Thackeray: Josephus: The Jewish War, Books I-III (Loeb Classical

By Josephus, H. St. J. Thackeray

ISBN-10: 0674995686

ISBN-13: 9780674995680

Иосиф Флавий — лат. Josephus Flavius иудейское имя Йосеф, бен (сын) Маттитьяху, (37 г., Иерусалим, — после a hundred г., Рим), иудейский государственный деятель и военачальник, знаменитый историк. Из рода первосвященников. В юности изучал иудейское законодательство, греческую литературу, основательно ознакомился с учениями фарисеев, саддукеев и ессеев, описания которых оставил. Примкнув к религиозно-политическому течению фарисеев, Иосиф принимал активное участие в политической жизни. Был в Риме около sixty four г. в числе делегации просителей из Иудеи.
После начала Иудейской войны (66 г. — seventy three г.) был назначен одним из военачальников в Галилее, но затем после взятия римлянами крепости Йотапаты (иуд. Йодфат) изменил и сдался римлянам. Присутствовал в качестве переводчика при осаде и разрушении Иерусалима, после чего, поселившись в Риме, получил права римского гражданина и был назначен историографом Флавиев, приняв их родовое имя. Оставил четыре сочинения (на греческом языке) «Иудейская война» в 7 книгах (первоначально написана была на арамейском языке), излагающая события от 167 г. до н. э. до seventy three г. н. э. «Иудейские древности» в 20 книгах (от «сотворения мира» до начала Иудейской войны). Сочинения Иосифа Флавия — важный источник для изучения истории не только древневосточных, но и средиземноморских народов. Иосиф Флавий использовал и цитировал многие ценные источники и документы, до нас не дошедшие. Основные тенденции трудов Иосифа Флавия проримское изображение событий Иудейской войны, попытки самооправдания в измене и апологетика иудеев.
Тома содержат древнегреческий текст «Иудейской войны», английский перевод, статьи, карты, планы и указатели.

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Extra info for Josephus: The Jewish War, Books I-III (Loeb Classical Library No. 203)

Example text

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The officer is unnamed I '* JEWISH WAR, I. 35-39 the garrison, with these impious injunctions to back his innate brutahty, was guilty of every excess of iniquity, torturing distinguished individuals one after another, and daily parading before the eyes of all the appearance of a captured city, until by the extravagance of his crimes he provoked his victims to venture on reprisals. Rising of (3) These began with Matthias," son of Asa^ monaeus, a priest of a village called Modein, who hiL. forming an armed band of himself and his family of Fear of five sons, slew Bacchides " with choppers.

The translator must finally express his grateful acknowledgement for the assistance which he has received from the labours of many previous workers, of various nationalities, in the same field notably Dr. Robert Eisler, of whose forthcoming work on the Slavonic version an English version is expected from Messrs. Methuen, Benedict Niese (on whose edition the Greek text is based), the Rev. , who fell a victim to his devoted exertions for his parishioners during the Irish famine of 1 84-6—t? (for his excellent translation), the Rev.

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Josephus: The Jewish War, Books I-III (Loeb Classical Library No. 203) by Josephus, H. St. J. Thackeray


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