By Cornelius Castoriadis, Christopher Lasch
En 1986, los angeles chaîne de télévision britannique Channel four organisait une rencontre entre Cornelius Castoriadis et Christopher Lasch. Jamais rediffusé ni transcrit, cet entretien examine les effets moraux, psychologiques et anthropologiques induits par le développement du capitalisme moderne. Les débuts de l. a. société de consommation s’accompagnent de l. a. naissance d’un nouvel égoïsme, qui voit les individus se retrancher de l. a. sphère publique et se réfugier dans un monde exclusivement privé. Sans projet, otages d’un monde hallucinatoire dopé par le advertising and marketing et l. a. publicité, les individus n’ont désormais plus de modèles auxquels s’identifier.
Une brillante examine de l. a. crise du capitalisme par deux de ses plus profonds opinions. Cet entretien est suivi de « L’âme de l’homme sous le capitalisme », une postface de Jean-Claude Michéa.
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En 1986, l. a. chaîne de télévision britannique Channel four organisait une rencontre entre Cornelius Castoriadis et Christopher Lasch. Jamais rediffusé ni transcrit, cet entretien examine les effets moraux, psychologiques et anthropologiques induits par le développement du capitalisme moderne.
Extra info for La Culture de l'égoïsme
Capitalism can be considered the institutional expression or embodiment of the wish to come to life by owning the object that is, or is imagined to be, alive (contains the alienated form of our own vitality). We cannot contain our vitality inside and must acquire it in the form of an external thing because to contain it inside is to assure that we will lose it. We will lose it because of the finitude of our own being. So, we must place our vitality outside in an object that is not limited as we are, one capable of an endless existence, an object in no way limited to finite, particular form and the finite and particular gratification available to a being in that form.
Where satisfaction means making this connection with the self, it stands opposed to making a connection with the good. In seeking satisfaction in a connection with the self, what we discover is the loneliness of a selfexperience that provides us no comfort and therefore no satisfaction. If we cannot invest the things attached to us with a sense that they are good because they are attached to us and we are good, we can seek to reverse the relationship and become good in ourselves because the things attached to us are good.
In our desire to own this object, we accept the validity of this claim. But, we also rekindle our desire, which is lost to us when we lose hope for satisfaction. In this sense, our connection with capital is a way of bringing ourselves to life so far as the loss of desire is the loss of feeling that we are alive and the rekindling of desire is the rekindling of that feeling. Our connection with capital is a connection with the hope that there is a way to find and acquire desire’s object and in so doing retrieve our lost vitality.
La Culture de l'égoïsme by Cornelius Castoriadis, Christopher Lasch