By Mona N. Younis
Bobbing up within the 1910s and rising as valid governing our bodies within the Nineties, the South African and the Palestinian nationwide liberation routine have exhibited outstanding parallels over the process their improvement. The fortunes of the African nationwide Congress and the Palestinian Liberation association, even if, have confirmed strikingly assorted. How the measurements, regardless of comparable situations and reviews, have arrived at such multiple results is defined in Liberation and democratization.
Younis strains the evolution of the hobbies, from early domination through elites to the ascendancy of mass-based forces of their final levels of enlargement. She indicates how this most recent shift, followed via a democratization of the method of liberation, made the routine more advantageous within the Eighties. Liberation and Democratization additionally identifies dissimilarities -- the stability of sophistication forces and assets -- that ended in the A.N.C.'s higher luck relative to the P.L.O.'s achievements.
The first complete comparability of 2 of the main major liberation activities of this century, Younis's paintings brings to gentle difficulties and dynamics that would stay paintings good into the future.
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Additional info for Liberation and Democratization: The South African and Palestinian National Movements
Democratization: Classes without Process A substantial literature has formed around attempts to identify the prerequisites of democratic political arrangements, most of which take as their point of departure the relationship between capitalist development and democracy. ” A wealth of comparative work has since been conducted to identify the class agency involved in securing democratic political arrangements. Moore contributed one of the earliest comparative investigations to demonstrate the variability of political outcomes associated with class agency.
25 This latent power or leverage, which is a critical resource for otherwise resource-poor groups, is a function of the group’s location within the system. ”26 Insurgents’ power is thus a function of their place within the system that they seek to alter. As such, the focus becomes the relationship between the aggrieved groups and the structures of power they target for change. Moving away from “the more resources the better,” Political Process approaches shifted the focus to the latent power of aggrieved groups and the opportunities for action afforded them within existing political power arrangements.
As a result, movements of nations that seek their liberation are distinctively multiclass social movements. 22 liberating the nation 23 In contexts of settler colonialism speciﬁcally, liberation is sought from an externally imposed national group that comes to be “indigenized” and thus competes with the native population in its identiﬁcation with and claim to the land. Dispossessed, displaced, and excluded from the structures of power, indigenous populations generally resist. By endeavoring to expand access to political power and the territory’s resources—whether in a single uniﬁed state with their opponents or in a separate state exclusive of their opponents—movements of national liberation become democratization projects that seek to achieve for their followers what their opponents claim for themselves and deny those they dominate.
Liberation and Democratization: The South African and Palestinian National Movements by Mona N. Younis