By Peter G. M. Carnochan
Regardless of a half-century of literature documenting the adventure and meanings of countertransference in analytic perform, the concept that continues to be a resource of controversy. For Peter Carnochan, this is addressed simply through revisiting historic, epistemological, and ethical concerns intrinsic to the analytic firm. taking a look for Ground is the 1st try and supply a complete figuring out of countertransference at the foundation of a latest reappraisal of simply such foundational assumptions.
Carnochan starts off via reviewing the historical past of the psychoanalytic come across and the way it's been followed by way of adjustments within the realizing of countertransference. He skillfully delineates the complexities that underlie Freud's obvious proscription of countertransference earlier than tracing the broadening of the idea that within the arms of later theorists. half II examines the matter of epistemology in modern analytic practice. the reply to this obvious challenge, he holds, is living in a latest appreciation of impact, which, instead of purely proscribing or skewing conception, varieties a vital "promontory" for human knowing. The ultimate component of Looking for Ground takes up what Carnochan phrases the "moral structure" of psychoanalysis. Rejecting the declare that evaluation operates in a realm outdoor traditional money owed of worth, he argues that the analytic replacement to conventional moralism isn't really tantamount to emancipation from the matter of morality.
With wide-ranging scholarship and sleek writing, Carnochan refracts the most important theoretical and medical concerns at stake in modern psychoanalytic debates throughout the lens of countertransference - its heritage, its evolution, its philosophical flooring, its ethical dimensions. He exhibits how the exam of countertransference offers a distinct and compelling window wherein to understand and reappraise these uncomplicated claims on the center of the psychoanalytic recreation.
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Additional resources for Looking for Ground: Countertransference and the Problem of Value in Psychoanalysis
Yet negotiation, I suggest, is critical to adult relationships, and if it is not practiced within the consulting room, the analysand is left underprepared for relationships where both parties come with an agenda of wish . As these difficulties with naturalism as a moral foundation have become increasingly evident, a new moral position has struggled to emerge. In the morality of constructed virtue lies a recognition of both the body's essentiality and its unreliability. The goal of value is not to return us to a primordial mode of authentic being or to allow us to transcend the material constraints of mortality, but to invent a marriage between the two, between inheritance and conscious creation, that generates a new view of what it might mean to be a human.
This kind of material rationalism can no longer generate meaning and value. Instead, if we are to construct meaning that retains vitality, psychoanalysis must enrich our imaginative capacity: "What the patient needs is not a rational reworking of unconscious infantile fantasies; what the patient needs is a revitalization and expansion of his own capacity to generate experience that feels real, meaningful, and valuable" (p. 24). In this revised view, the fundamental conflict in human experience stems not from warring drives, but from the tension between preserving relationship-meeting the fundamental need to be connected with others-and retaining a sense of affective authenticity and vitality.
For as soon as anyone deliberately concentrates his attention to a certain degree, he begins to select from the material before him; one point will be fixed in his mind with particular clearness and some other will be correspondingly disregarded and in making this selection he will be following his expectations or inclinations. This, however, is precisely what must not be done. In making the selection, if he follows his expectations he is in danger of never finding anything but what he already knows; and if he follows his inclinations he will certainly falsify what he may perceive [pp.
Looking for Ground: Countertransference and the Problem of Value in Psychoanalysis by Peter G. M. Carnochan