By Claudia Strauss
Questions on immigration and social welfare courses increase the crucial problems with who belongs to a society and what its contributors deserve. but the evaluations of the yank public approximately those very important concerns appear contradictory and stressed. Claudia Strauss explains why: public opinion on those concerns and so on is shaped now not from liberal or conservative ideologies yet from varied vernacular discourses that will not healthy commonplace ideologies yet are effortless to recollect and repeat. Drawing on interviews with humans from quite a few backgrounds, Strauss identifies and describes fifty nine traditional discourses approximately immigration and social welfare and demonstrates how we gather traditional discourses from our opinion groups. Making experience of Public Opinion: American Discourses approximately Immigration and Social courses explains what traditional discourses are, the best way to learn them, and why they're basic components of public opinion and political tradition.
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Extra resources for Making Sense of Public Opinion: American Discourses about Immigration and Social Programs
Even if there is only a one-way communication from a single speaker to an audience, ideas are stated, often using the somewhat standardized rhetoric of conventional discourses. The ideas do not have to be about public policy; they could be about any topic. ” 7 Bakhtin (1981:345). As I explain in Chapter 2, that ratio of “half-ours and half-someone else’s” should not be taken literally. 8 I modeled the concept of opinion community on that of a speech community in linguistic anthropology (Strauss 2004).
Almost all of my interviewees seemed in favor of social welfare programs and immigration in some remarks and opposed in other remarks. Even if they did not do so in short succession, they all expressed apparently conflicting opinions at some point during our discussion. This is a commonplace finding by researchers, as I explain later in this chapter. With conventional-discourse analysis we do not ignore or try to average out these varied responses to find where the speaker really stands. Instead, we carefully note the variety of conventional discourses people use to construct their opinions.
However, their account rejects any sort of psychological interpretation, while this one reconciles cognitive and discourse analyses, a project also advanced in many works by van Dijk (for example, van Dijk 1993). 24 Overview The Gallup question about the effect of immigration on “Food, music, and the arts” most likely primed the pro-immigration Cultural Diversity discourse, which suggests that ethnic differences, especially ethnic cuisines, add variety and interest to American life. For the other specific areas raised, the related discourses are mixed or negative.
Making Sense of Public Opinion: American Discourses about Immigration and Social Programs by Claudia Strauss