Read e-book online Man corn: cannibalism and violence in the Prehistoric PDF

By Christy G Turner II

ISBN-10: 087480566X

ISBN-13: 9780874805666

This learn of prehistoric violence, murder, and cannibalism explodes the parable that the Anasazi and different Southwest Indians have been basic, peaceable farmers. till relatively lately, Southwest prehistory reviews have principally overlooked or neglected facts of violent festival. Christy and Jacqueline Turner’s examine of prehistoric violence, murder, and cannibalism explodes the parable that the Anasazi and different Southwest Indians have been uncomplicated, peaceable farmers. utilizing unique osteological analyses and different strains of proof the Turners convey that war, violence, and their concomitant horrors have been as universal in the traditional Southwest as anyplace else on this planet. The distinct function of this hugely documented learn is its multi-regional evaluation of episodic human bones assemblages (scattered flooring deposits or charnel pits) by way of taphonomic research, which considers what occurs to bones from the time of loss of life to the time of restoration. in the course of the previous thirty years, the authors and different analysts have pointed out a minimum perimortem taphonomic signature of burning, pot sharpening, anvil abrasions, bone breakage, lower marks, and lacking vertebrae that heavily fit the signatures of animal butchering and is often linked to extra proof of violence. greater than seventy-five archaeological sited containing numerous hundred people are rigorously tested for the cannibalism signature. simply because this signature has no longer been stated for any websites north of Mexico, except these within the Southwest, the authors additionally current distinctive comparisons with Mesoamerican skeletal collections the place human sacrifice and cannibalism have been identified to were practiced. The authors overview numerous hypotheses for Southwest cannibalism: hunger, social pathology, and institutionalized violence and cannibalism. within the latter case, they current facts for a possible Mexican connection and exhibit that the majority of the recognized cannibalized sequence can be found temporally and spatially close to Chaco nice homes.

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Extra info for Man corn: cannibalism and violence in the Prehistoric American Southwest

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An earlier book, Ewald Volhard's Kannibalismus (1939), is probably the most extensiveif not a very criticalreview of the ethnographic literature on the topic. Volhard examined hundreds of articles and books dealing with the peoples and cultures of Africa, Oceania, Asia, and the Americas. ) No matter how much one wishes to disbelieve it, the articles and books Volhard examined are real, and at least some of them must be truthful. One wellknown disbeliever is the social anthropologist William Page 2 Arens, whose book The Man-Eating Myth (1979) challenges the existence of institutionalized cannibalism.

Southwest has hot summers, generally mild winters, and two seasons of precipitationsummer and winter. Regardless of the number of times rain falls, reliable supplies of water for supporting large, stable human settlements and necessary crops are uncommon except in a few wide, alluvial river valleys such as the Gila in southern Arizona, the Little Colorado and Puerco in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico, and the Rio Grande in northern and central New Mexico. The Southwest has been inhabited by humans for at least 11,000 years, most of that time by closely related but subregionally separated nomadic hunters and gatherers.

1 Observed Scattering of Human Skeletal Remains over TimeSEX/AGETIME SINCE DEPOSITIONSCATTERINGF/803 weeksArticulated; no scatterM/273 weeksDisarticulated, minimal scatterF/225 weeksSlight scatter; some articulationM/18, M/204 monthsAll bones in area 10 feet in diameterSOURCE: Morse (1984a). NOTE: Other cases involving more time have more scatter and much bone loss. when bone is buried in a damp setting. 0) is the most common source of chemical erosion and dissolution. Humic acid can be weakly concentrated near the ground surface.

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Man corn: cannibalism and violence in the Prehistoric American Southwest by Christy G Turner II

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