By Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Jutta von Maurice, Michael Bayer, Jan Skopek
This publication addresses a extensive array of urgent demanding situations of longitudinal surveys and offers leading edge suggestions to methodological difficulties in keeping with the instance of the NEPS. It covers longitudinal concerns reminiscent of sampling, weighting, recruiting and fieldwork administration, the layout of longitudinal surveys and the implementation of constructs, accomplishing competence assessments over the lifestyles direction, powerful the right way to increase and to keep up the top point of knowledge caliber, info administration instruments for large-scale longitudinal surveys, the dissemination of study info to heterogeneous clinical groups, in addition to developing a long term public family and communications unit integrating a study’s stakeholder neighborhood over time.
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Additional info for Methodological Issues of Longitudinal Surveys: The Example of the National Educational Panel Study
For example, we provide cross-sectional weights for the 3,974 students and parents of SC3 participating jointly in Wave 1 (w_tp1), and for the 3,727 couples of students and parents jointly participating in Wave 2 (w_tp2). Longitudinal weights are provided for the 3,417 students and parents participating jointly in Wave 1 and Wave 2 of SC3 (w_tp12). In order to reduce bias and not to inflate the variance of the estimates of a weighted analysis too much, variables in nonresponse adjustments should be related to the participation propensity as well as to the variables that are of interest for the subject studied (Little & Vartivarian, 2005).
The ultimate goal when studying major life events is to examine how they impact functioning in the time leading up to, surrounding, and following event occurrence. There are several advantages of longitudinal surveys for studying developmental change and adaptation in relation to major life events. First, interdisciplinary longitudinal surveys assess relatively large samples of participants repeatedly, which allows researchers to identify segments of the population that have experienced a major life event.
2006; Lucas, 2007). The phase following the reaction to a major life event is called adaptation. In the context of major life events, adaptation broadly refers to whether or not an individual returns to his or her previous level of functioning after he or she has experienced the event (Frederick & Loewenstein, 1999). For example, unemployment typically results in sustained lower levels of well-being as compared with the years prior to unemployment (Lucas, 2007). , 2003). We note that our description of wellbeing change in relation to major life events mainly focuses on the model-implied (average) pattern of change of reaction and adaptation.
Methodological Issues of Longitudinal Surveys: The Example of the National Educational Panel Study by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Jutta von Maurice, Michael Bayer, Jan Skopek