By Gabriele Boccaccini
A daring reconstruction of the internal improvement of the Judaism out of which Christianity and Rabbinism emerged.
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Additional resources for Middle Judaism: Jewish Thought, 300 B.C.E. to 200 C.E.
Xviii, xx). According to A. F. Segal, "Most scholars assume that once Paul had converted, his writings became irrelevant to Judaism. This is simply not so: Paul wrote to a brand-new Christian community that was still largely Jewish, giving us the only witness to a world of everyday Hellenistic Judaism now vanished" (Paul the Convert: The Apostolate and Apostasy of Saul the Pharisee [New Haven and London, 1 9 9 0 ] , xiii). 16. See P. S\ga\, Judaism, ed. L. Sigal (Grand Rapids, 1988). 16 METHODOLOGICAL LINES thermore, those scholars, such as Segal, A.
To be fruitful or even better, to be plausible, however, a comparison should be made between commensurable units, such as two ideological systems taken as wholes, and not between single elements of incommensurable units, such as the traditional corpora. 10 4. A COMPREHENSIVE A P P R O A C H We now arrive at the root of the problem: the existence of the corpora. They make sense in relation to epochs and ideologies that formed, delim ited, and reinterpreted them. They are absolutely misleading, however, in their prejudicial interposition between the sources (their authors, their age, and their ideological horizons) and the modern interpreter.
Universities—the ancient universitates studiorum, expressions of Chris tians' genius (and prejudice)—created two distinct and self-sufficient figures: the "biblical scholar" (the Old or New Testament theologian), whose com petence was limited to the Christian canon, every relation with Judaism and its language and culture being considered superfluous and useless; and the "Hebraist," who was eminently a philologist whose interests similarly were devoted to the canonical documents, to "biblical philology," with only occa sional extravagances being allowed.
Middle Judaism: Jewish Thought, 300 B.C.E. to 200 C.E. by Gabriele Boccaccini