By J. Daniel Rogers, Bruce D. Smith
During the Mississippian interval (approximately A.D. 1000-1600) within the midwestern and southeastern usa a number of better and lesser chiefdoms took form. Archaeologists have for a few years explored the character of those chiefdoms from the viewpoint universal in archaeological investigations—from the pinnacle down, investigating ceremonial elite mound buildings and predicting the elemental family unit from that information. a result of elevated variety of box investigations on the neighborhood point in recent times, this quantity is ready to movement the size of research all the way down to the extent of neighborhood and family, and it contributes to significant revisions of cost hierarchy concepts.
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Extra info for Mississippian Communities and Households
Permanent residential plots indicate long-term continuity of families, lineages, or corporate groups that must have had some rights to their home lots. During the Stirling phase, the Cahokia Axis was no longer a major factor in the location of households or in the orientation of individual structures, at Cahokia and Its Hinterlands 45 least in this area of the site. The local Stirling community developed around a local mound/plaza complex (Figure 2-7). Community arrangement was no longer dictated by a Cahokia-wide central authority.
Nelson related these variables to ceramics in contemporary Mayan households from San Mateo Ixtatan. While some correlation was noted with household size, the other variables were also contributing factors Analysis of Domestic Organization 21 (Nelson 1981:124). This finding points to the importance of holding constant as many variables as possible in order to examine household demographics. It also leaves open the possible implications of cultural variation when using information from different places and times to derive what archaeologists should or should not consider in the formulation of interpretations.
A variety of research on the Mississippian period is playing a role in developing strategies for understanding the significance of not only observed variation, but also observed similarities. Recent studies of Mississippian craft specialization and differential domestic production strategies add a greater depth of understanding about the household and community and provide new insights into the organization of middle-range societies. Although criticism has been leveled (Pauketat 1987a), there are indications of at least part-time specialization.
Mississippian Communities and Households by J. Daniel Rogers, Bruce D. Smith