By Eleanor Herman
Born with no dowry, approximately pressured right into a convent, and later married off to a guy she didn't love, Olimpia Maidalchini vowed by no means to be terrible, powerless, or beholden to any guy back. as a substitute, utilizing her wits, Olimpia grew to become the unofficial ruler of the main strong establishment on this planet: the Roman Catholic Church.
The Church firmly states that girls needs to be excluded from church management positions—but for greater than a decade within the 17th century, Olimpia ran the Vatican. As sister-in-law and reputed mistress of the indecisive Pope blameless X, she appointed cardinals, negotiated with overseas ambassadors, and helped herself to a heaping section of the Papal States' treasury.
In Mistress of the Vatican, New York Times bestselling writer Eleanor Herman brings to existence not just a rare lady misplaced in background yet a whole civilization in all its greatness . . . and ignominy. this can be the unforgettable tale of a lady sooner than her time.
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Extra resources for Mistress of the Vatican: The True Story of Olimpia Maidalchini: The Secret Female Pope
Thus he became the first non-Italian pope in 455 years (the last had been Adrian VI, who held the position from 1522 to 1523). 45 46 POPE JOHN PAUL II The Art of Papal Selection The “conclave” in which the pope is chosen is a gathering of the College of Cardinals—men of cardinal rank from all around the globe. Sequestered inside the ornate confines of the Vatican’s Sistine Chapel, with only a few helpers to tend to them, these men choose the next pope from among their own number. The word conclave actually means “under lock and key,” from the Latin words cum clavi.
However, in both the book and the play, Wojtyla adhered to an almost-medieval model for marital relations, one that circumscribed contraception. Thus his approach was one that many modern readers found contrary and alien. Wojtyla’s second doctoral thesis, Evaluation of the Possibility of Constructing a Christian Ethic Based on the System of Max Scheler, saw print the same year as Love and Responsibility. The year 1969 marked the publication of his next major treatise. The Acting Person constituted Wojtyla’s in-depth consideration of phenomenology, a theme he lectured on during a 1978 visit to the United States.
The third and most common manner of electing the pope is by “scrutiny”—the name coming from the “scrutineers” who count the ballots. Great care is taken to avoid any sort of fraud or rigging of the ballots. “Three scrutineers are chosen by lot from among the electors with the least senior cardinal deacon drawing the names,” explains Reese in the magazine America. THE POLISH POPE After the sudden death of Pope John Paul I, cardinals once again held a conclave to elect a new pope. On October 14, 1978, cardinals enter the Sistine Chapel singing, following a mass in St.
Mistress of the Vatican: The True Story of Olimpia Maidalchini: The Secret Female Pope by Eleanor Herman