By Raylynn Oliver
Ebook by means of Oliver, Raylynn
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Extra resources for Model living standards measurement study survey questionnaire for the countries of the former Soviet Union
The questions in this section should reflect the type of training programs offered by the Ministry of Labor and other institutions and elicit the information necessary for evaluating coverage, usage, applicability of the existing program. On all questions concerning labor, labor training and job classification, it is very difficult to make Western distinctions make sense. In the Soviet Union, all people are either clerks, workers or peasants. "Clerk" is extremely broad and includes bankers, functionaries, hairdressers, electrical technicians and sales clerks.
The most common situation observed now is to have health care workers in state facilities making informal charges to the patients in order to provide themselves with a salary. Sometimes these payments are quite small and optional; even before independence, people would often take small gifts such as a box of tea with them when they go to the doctor. In other cases, the payment is quite high and actually a bribe that must be paid in order to receive some serviceanything from an appointment, to a prescription, to clean bed sheets.
However, from a policy point of view it is important to distinguish between taxed and non-taxed items, between imported and domestic items, and between items sold at government-controlled prices and those sold at market-determined prices. The division of items among groups will vary from country to country. For example bread prices are still subject to government support in several of the countries of the former Soviet Union. Finally, the data gathered by an LSMS survey can help policy makers to identify geographical regions of the country or types of households that will be the target of new policies.
Model living standards measurement study survey questionnaire for the countries of the former Soviet Union by Raylynn Oliver