By Alexander R. Surrey (Auth.)
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Extra info for Name Reactions in Organic Chemistry
Chem. Soc. 7 1 , 3883 (1949). F. G. Bordwell and P. S. Landis, /. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 2450 (1958). 45 Claisen Condensation Rainer Ludwig Claisen ( 1 8 5 1 - 1 9 3 0 ) was born in Cologne, Germany. He studied under Kekule at the University of Bonn, and later for a short time in Wohler's laboratory at Gottingen. He returned to Bonn where he received his doctorate and became an assistant to Kekule. Claisen then went to Owens College, Manchester, England, where he remained for about four years. From there he returned to Germany ( 1 8 8 6 ) to work under von Baeyer at Munich.
Chem. Soc. 73, 550 (1951). 5. W. Davey and D. J. Tivey, /. Chem. Soc. p. 1230 (1958). 53 Clemmensen Reduction Erik Christian Clemmensen ( 1 8 7 6 - 1 9 4 1 ) was born in Odense, Denmark. S. degree. In 1900, he came to the United States where he was employed as a research chemist by Parke, Davis and Company until 1914. During this period Clemmensen carried out his work on the reduction of carbonyl compounds with amalgamated zinc. D. degree from the University of Copenhagen. , in 1923. Six years later, after a disastrous fire, the company was purchased by the Monsanto Chemical Company, and Clemmensen joined the research staff in the department headed by L.
T h e von Braun reaction consists in the formation of a halide a n d benzonitrile b y heating an N-substituted b e n z a m i d e with phosphorus p e n t a b r o m i d e or pentachloride. T h e reaction, which m a y b e illustrated b y t h e general equation C H CONHR + PBr* 6 * C H CN + RBr + P0Br 6 6 6 is usually carried out b y heating a mixture of t h e pentahalide, a n d distilling t h e products. T h e m e t h o d for converting aliphatic amines to t h e corresponding no r e a r r a n g e m e n t in R is b r o u g h t about, in contrast with nitrous acid.
Name Reactions in Organic Chemistry by Alexander R. Surrey (Auth.)