Download e-book for kindle: OECD Economic Surveys 2000-2001: France by OECD

By OECD

ISBN-10: 9264196854

ISBN-13: 9789264196858

Show description

Read or Download OECD Economic Surveys 2000-2001: France PDF

Similar economic conditions books

Download PDF by Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein: Geopolitics and Geoculture: Essays on the Changing

This is often the 3rd quantity of Immanuel Wallerstein's essays to seem in stories in sleek Capitalism, following the immensely winning collections The Politics of the area financial system and The Capitalist international Economy.

Written among 1982 and 1989, the essays during this quantity provide Wallerstein's standpoint at the occasions of the interval, and the history to his interpretation of the momentous occasions of 1989. Wallerstein argues that the cave in of the Iron Curtain and the method of perestroika endure out his simple research: that the decline of U. S. hegemony within the world-system is the significant explanatory variable of swap; and that the cave in of the communist empire and the procedure of ecu harmony can't be understood regardless of this decline as a serious level within the cyclical rhythm of the capitalist global economic climate. As a part of the research the e-book additionally charts the improvement of a problem to the dominant "geoculture": the cultural framework in which the world-system operates. This assortment bargains the newest principles of 1 of the main unique and arguable thinkers of modern years, and is certain to stimulate debate between scholars and students around the social sciences.

Download PDF by Warren Young: Real Business Cycle Models in Economics

The aim of this ebook is to explain the highbrow technique in which genuine company Cycle types have been built. The technique taken specializes in the middle parts within the improvement of RBC types: (i) construction blocks, (ii) catalysts, and (iii) meta-syntheses. this can be performed by means of precise exam of all on hand unpublished variorum drafts of the major papers within the RBC tale, with the intention to make certain the origins of the guidelines.

Additional resources for OECD Economic Surveys 2000-2001: France

Example text

The fall in unemployment concerned most categories of job seekers, irrespective of gender, age, level of qualification, social class or region of residence. Thus the situation has improved for youth and unqualified persons, two groups previously highly vulnerable to unemployment and until now unable to benefit from rising employment. Nevertheless, the unemployment rate for youth and persons designated as “low-skilled” (with no academic qualification or just a certificate of primary education) is still well above the national average.

Cuts in indirect taxes, which are largely independent of income level (residence tax, road tax, real estate transfer tax), have also been of proportionally greater benefit to the lowest income groups. On the other hand, indirect taxes, and particularly VAT, are not effective tools for the purpose of income redistribution, since the basic pattern of taxation on households’ consumption varies little with income. As a result, it is more costly to achieve a given redistribution target through indirect taxation than by way of direct taxes or the social transfer system.

Tax reform Tax modifications for the period 2000-2003 – Degressive reduction of personal income tax scales. The reform aims to lower the marginal rates of income tax between 2000 and 2003. 5 per cent. It is also planned to adjust the relief for the poorest households and modify the “family quotient”. – Reduction of the corporate income tax rate. 45 per cent in 2002 and finally to 15 per cent in 2003. 33 per cent in 2003. Other company tax measures are: lowering of the threshold for equity holdings of parent companies in their subsidiaries below which dividend payments are not taxed; lowering of the rate of the avoir fiscal tax credit that can be used by companies; reduction of declining balance depreciation coefficients.

Download PDF sample

OECD Economic Surveys 2000-2001: France by OECD


by David
4.4

Rated 4.24 of 5 – based on 14 votes