By John B. Williamson
This paintings makes broad use of 7 well-developed historic case reports describing the evolution of public old-age protection in business international locations (Germany, uk, Sweden, and the us) and constructing countries (Brazil, Nigeria, and India). The authors specialize in specifying contexts during which normal theoretical views can be utilized to account for those advancements. one of many few stories which integrates historic and quantitative facts, this available paintings will turn out valuable to scholars and researchers of the welfare nation, getting older coverage, and comparative sociology.
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2) Is the evidence concerning early pension policy developments more consistent with explanations derived from the statecentered perspective, the neo-Marxist perspective, or with those derived from some other theoretical perspective? (3) How do we account for pension policy developments since the end of World War II? Are they more consistent with the statecentered perspective, the social democratic perspective, or some other perspective? We begin with an analysis of the events leading up to the introduction of the original German pension scheme.
Chapter 10 reviews both the case studies and the statistical results as they reflect on the utility of the five theoretical approaches. 2 Germany In 1889 Germany became the first nation in the world to enact a national compulsory old-age and invalidity pension system. This scheme was one of several social insurance programs introduced in Germany during the 1880s, starting with enactment of sickness insurance in 1883 and industrial accident insurance in 1884. In view of its being the world's first national old-age pension scheme and in view of the impact this program has had on subsequent developments in other nations, we will want to take a close look at the structure of the original program and the factors contributing to its enactment.
31). It involves the participation of representatives of labor in the actual running of German industries. 34 While those selected to represent labor on these councils tend also to be union members, formally these works councils are entirely independent of the unions. 35 The trend seems to be in the direction of greater and greater decentralization in decision making, driven in large measure by changing technology, much of it linked to the microchip revolution (Katzenstein 1989, p. 334; Markovitz 1986, p.
Old-Age Security in Comparative Perspective by John B. Williamson