On the Virtues - download pdf or read online

By John Capreolus, Kevin White, Romanus Cessario

ISBN-10: 0813210305

ISBN-13: 9780813210308

In mild of present curiosity within the considered St. Thomas Aquinas, rediscovery of the paintings of John Capreolus (1380-1444) is very vital. identified to the Renaissance theologians who succeeded him as "prince of Thomists," he validated a style of Thomistic theological and philosophical engagement that has set the development for Thomistic thinkers after him. Twentieth-century scholarship on Capreolus tended to target questions pertaining to metaphysics, the individual, and the beatific imaginative and prescient. the aim of the current translation of his questions about the virtues is to deliver to the fore one other element of his inspiration, his theological ethics.

Capreolus's nice paintings, his Arguments in security of the Theology of St. Thomas, constitutes an important juncture within the background of Western theology. in a single appreciate it really is an workout within the conventional style of question-commentaries on Peter Lombard's Book of Sentences, a twelfth-century paintings that have been the authentic textbook of theology on the collage of Paris. In Capreolus's fingers, in spite of the fact that, the structure of the conventional Sentences remark itself turns into a pretext for reaching a objective extra unique than that of any previous commentator on Lombard's paintings, particularly to safeguard the idea of Aquinas opposed to his past due 13th- and early fourteenth-century adversaries, together with John Duns Scotus, Durandus of St. Pourçain, and Peter Aureole.

The choice from Capreolus's paintings represented during this translation indicates him protecting Aquinas's conclusions on religion, wish, charity, the presents of the Holy Spirit, and the virtues opposed to such adversaries. With a spirit of generosity in citation, Capreolus shall we each one adversary have his say, however the consequence of the disputes isn't in query, as Capreolus on each one aspect leads the reader in the direction of a view of the prevalence of the Thomistic position.

concerning the AUTHOR:

Kevin White is affiliate professor of philosophy on the Catholic collage of the US and editor of Hispanic Philosophy within the Age of Discovery. He has edited texts by means of Aquinas and Peter of Auvergne and has released articles at the considered Aquinas.
Romanus Cessario, O.P., is professor of systematic theology at St. John's Seminary in Brighton, Massachusetts. as well as a number of articles and stories, Cessario has authored, coauthored, or edited numerous books, together with The ethical Virtues and Theological Ethics and Introduction to ethical Theology (forthcoming, CUA Press).

PRAISE FOR THE BOOK:

"This translation may be of worth not just to these attracted to the heritage of Thomism, Thomistic ethical thought, and medieval texts on ethics, but additionally to these intrigued via present debates approximately freedom and legal responsibility in advantage ethics."―Joseph Koterski, S.J., overseas Philosophical Quarterly

"[This e-book] could be welcomed by means of all who're attracted to the present renewal of virtue-based morality. The translators have succeeded admirably in placing Capreolus's textual content into actual and readable English."―Michael J. Dodds, O.P., Theological Studies

"At a time of accelerating curiosity in virtues more often than not, and in St. Thomas' remedy of virtues particularly, this ebook is a call for participation to deep and important mirrored image at the fact of the virtues within the ethical and non secular lifestyles. . . . White and Cessario have translated Capreolus into wonderful and lucid English. they've got now not compromised the precision and consistency of the unique and feature still produced a great paintings in English. Capreolus has very priceless translators and English-speaking students will be thankful indeed. at the Virtues is a piece of excessive scholasticism. . . . if you have given research to advantage, who've learn Aquinas, and want to imagine but extra deeply approximately advantage with precision and contrast, who desire to input right into a longstanding, and ric

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Extra resources for On the Virtues

Sample text

For this reason it is said in Ethics 2 that virtue is that which makes the one who has it good {289} and renders his operation good; and in Physics 7 it is said that virtue is the disposition of what has been perfected for the best, that is, for the best of those things to which a power extends. And because we are speaking of human virtue, human virtue will accordingly be that which will perfect a human power for the good and the best act. But since man is man by the fact that he possesses reason and intellect, those powers are human that are in some way rational, whether essentially, as are those in the intellective part, or by participation, as are those in the sensitive part that are obedient to reason.

Capreolus states his intention at the very beginning of his work: Before proceeding to the conclusions, I make one prefatory remark that I would like to be regarded as a given throughout the whole of this commentary, and that is this: that my intention is to introduce nothing of my own, but only to relate opinions that seem to me to have been those of Saint Thomas, and to introduce no proofs for the conclusions other than his own words, except rarely. Furthermore, I plan to introduce, in the proper place, objections of Aureolus, Scotus, Durandus, John of Ripa, Henry, Guido of Carmello, Garo, Adam, and others who attack Saint Thomas, and to solve these objections by means of what Saint Thomas said.

Similarly, from the point of view of the power, the same visible object in the same light at the same distance seems clearer to a young man than to an old one, because the power of vision, since it is bodily, is weaker or stronger according to bodily condition. Again, from the point of view of the disposition that is per se required, the same visible object, equally near and in the same light, seems more or less intense to the same power that is of itself equally intense, if the transparency of the eye, which is of itself required for reception of the species or vision, varies.

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On the Virtues by John Capreolus, Kevin White, Romanus Cessario


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