By Christer Jonsson, Sven Tagil, Gunnar Tornqvist
This booklet combines views from political technology, heritage and geography to supply a accomplished creation to 'Europe' or eu house as we comprehend it at the present time.
Central to the booklet is the phenomenon of the sovereign country and the query of different methods of organizing Europe politically and economically.
The ebook explores 4 alternative ways of organizing area: nation, union, area and community. via tracing the origins of the sovereign kingdom in Europe, the e-book first stories the resilience and suppleness of the sovereign country traditionally, after which appears on the implications of the contradictory strategies of integration and fragmentation, or globalization and regionalization, current to
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The new label sacrum imperium (holy empire) alluded to Western Christendom in the same manner as Charlemagne had claimed primacy for his Carolingian Empire. Unauthorsi eddsi trb i uto i nforbd i den. 4 The Carolingian Empire in 814 T h i s S A G E e b o o k i s c o p y r i g h t a n d i s s u p p l i e d b y N e t L i b r '" 0 10 � This SAGE is copyrightEmpire and is supplied NetLibrary. Unauthorised distribution forbidden. 5 ebook The German in thebyMiddle Ages H I S TO R I C A L S P A C E 45 qualifier, 'of the German Nation', was added in the late Middle Ages, and implied an ethnic dimension, even if the connotations of the term are difficult to determine today.
1. NOTES 1 Norbert Ohler, Reisen im Mittelalter (Frankfurt am Main: Artemis Verlag, 1986); i n English translation The Medieval Traveller (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1989). 2 The term 'imagined communities' was coined by Benedict Anderson in his book Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, revised edn (London/ New York: Verso, 1991). 3 Denis de Rougemont, Vingt-huit siecles d'Europe: La conscience europeenne i1 travers les textes (Paris: Gallimard, 1961). 4 Our understanding of networks draws on the discussion in Gunnar Tornquist, Sverige i natverkens Europa (Malmoe: Liber-Hermods, 1 996).
For commercial cities and merchant guilds, control of different markets was more important than ownership of land. Influence over markets could be established through offices and agents in other cities, which continued to emerge at this time. Lubeck, for instance, in the thirteenth century became a key player in trade in the Baltic area, a primus inter pares within the Wendish Hanse, and enjoyed a strong position in all economic activity throughout northern Europe. In the High Middle Ages, virtually all of Europe was bound together by a network of cities and city-republics, dominated by a merchant class whose main interest was to secure a maximum of freedom, mobility and access to markets and consumers.
Organizing European Space by Christer Jonsson, Sven Tagil, Gunnar Tornqvist