Markus Krajewski's Paper Machines: About Cards & Catalogs, 1548 – 1929 (History PDF

By Markus Krajewski

ISBN-10: 0262015897

ISBN-13: 9780262015899

This day on nearly each table in each place of work sits a working laptop or computer. 80 years in the past, pcs have been outfitted with a nonelectronic facts processing computer: a card dossier. In Paper Machines, Markus Krajewski strains the evolution of this proto-computer of rearrangeable elements (file playing cards) that grew to become ubiquitous in workplaces among the area wars. the tale starts with Konrad Gessner, a sixteenth-century Swiss polymath who defined a brand new approach to processing information: to chop up a sheet of handwritten notes into slips of paper, with one truth or subject in keeping with slip, and manage as wanted. within the past due eighteenth century, the cardboard catalog grew to become the librarian's resolution to the specter of info overload. Then, on the flip of the 20 th century, enterprise followed the know-how of the cardboard catalog as a bookkeeping software. Krajewski explores this conceptual improvement and casts the cardboard dossier as a "universal paper computing device" that accomplishes the fundamental operations of Turing's common discrete laptop: storing, processing, and shifting facts. In telling his tale, Krajewski takes the reader on a few illuminating detours, telling us, for instance, that the cardboard catalog and the numbered highway deal with emerged whilst within the related urban (Vienna), and that Harvard University's home-grown cataloging process grew out of a librarian's laziness; and that Melvil Dewey (originator of the Dewey Decimal process) helped lead to the expertise move of card records to enterprise.

Show description

Read Online or Download Paper Machines: About Cards & Catalogs, 1548 – 1929 (History and Foundations of Information Science) PDF

Similar bibliographies & indexes books

Download e-book for iPad: Make Mine a Mystery: A Reader's Guide to Mystery and by Gary Warren Niebuhr

This certain publication describes and organizes approximately 2,500 secret titles. Divided into sections-amateur, public, and personal detective-titles are then classified as conventional vintage, eccentric, lone wolf, and so forth. Niebuhr even notes no matter if each one detective is of the hardboiled, softboiled (cozy), or conventional style.

Download e-book for iPad: Lead Poisoning - A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and by Icon Health Publications

This can be a 3-in-1 reference booklet. It provides an entire clinical dictionary overlaying countless numbers of phrases and expressions with regards to lead poisoning. It additionally provides large lists of bibliographic citations. ultimately, it presents details to clients on how you can replace their wisdom utilizing numerous net assets.

Integrating African American Literature in the Library and - download pdf or read online

It is necessary that the varsity curriculae be consultant of the variety of the yank pupil inhabitants. Integrating African American Literature within the Library and lecture room is designed to aid academics and librarians in achieving that target. The e-book recommends and annotates greater than two hundred titles that contact on African American lifestyles from slavery in the course of the current time, such a lot of them by way of black authors, and lots of of them winners of the Coretta Scott King, Caldecott, and/or Newbery awards.

Get What's black and white and Reid all over? : something PDF

Best-selling childrens s writer Reid understands something or approximately getting teenagers awareness and protecting it. His recommendation? minimize out the blah-blah-blah and make em giggle! In his new e-book, aimed squarely on the preschool/elementary tuition crowd, he highlights dozens of programming and name feedback which are surefire how you can banish kids yawns completely, includingHumorous lesson plans, equipped by means of age workforce, with storytelling counsel for max yuksSeveral e-book lists of the funniest titles released in view that 2000, encompassing photo books, books for starting readers, image novels and Manga, juvenile fiction, poetry, and different literatureMore than a dozen unique fingerplays, songs, actions and tales, besides a brand new Rappin Rob Rap With the hilarious principles and ready-to-use courses during this publication, your storytimes could be the chortle manufacturing unit of the library!

Extra info for Paper Machines: About Cards & Catalogs, 1548 – 1929 (History and Foundations of Information Science)

Sample text

At best, conscription numbers and call numbers register the exact location of the address—but at the very least, this is gleaned from the town map or library plan. At the same time, exact addressing empowers a higher logic for representing inserts: new entries are incorporated into the regular order of lists, either according to scientific criteria or alphabetically. Instead of merely being inserted, as before, between existing units, they may safely be added in the order of their appearance: a running number procedure (numerus currens) in the library as the librarian’s answer to the flood of books.

7 By contrast, the scholar’s machine allows two different applications. 8 Bit by bit, it receives excerpted materials in order to fix them in a suitable place. 9 The second, more serious application moves the scholar’s machine fully into the position of textual production. For it not only reliably reproduces everything the scholar gradually invested in it, recalling the extended present back to the time when each entry was made. Provided that the scholar knew how to tie new material together with the existing stock of excerpts, and marked connections and associations to similar texts and themes, the scholar’s machine as a text generator delivers these very connections by branching out into forgotten memories as virtually new, served up as well as unexpected connections.

Numerous administrations deny the existence of libraries, or claim they are worth little, while the majority prefer not to respond at all. 108 Less than a month later, on May 8, 1791, detailed instructions to teach untrained library employees how to compile catalogs after an exactly agreed-upon procedure are published. Explicit instructions point out that assistants are forbidden to attempt any reordering or reclassifications. 109 In preparing these instructions, Gaspard-Michel LeBlond, one of their authors, urges the use of uniform media for registering titles, suggesting that “catalog materials are not difficult to assemble; it is sufficient to use playing cards [.

Download PDF sample

Paper Machines: About Cards & Catalogs, 1548 – 1929 (History and Foundations of Information Science) by Markus Krajewski

by Steven

Rated 4.61 of 5 – based on 24 votes