By Sebastian Hartmann
Sebastian Hartmann goals at answering the query no matter if socioeconomic regulations carried out via governments are mostly quite comparable or no matter if their content material really varies with the ideological history of governments. moreover, he desires to discover no matter if executive features corresponding to coalition or minority events influence the measure of partisan policy-making. the writer employs a brand new dataset of social and fiscal rules accumulated for numerous Western ecu nations. by means of carrying out a variety of empirical analyses and through the use of an leading edge method for analysing the coverage output, he exhibits that ideology certainly concerns. even though, the measure of its effect is contingent upon structural features of governments.
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Additional resources for Partisan Policy-Making in Western Europe: How Ideology Influences the Content of Government Policies
But such adjacent parties are often located on the same side of the assumed median voter. Hence, a coalition government can still occupy a position on either the left or the right and converge to a common position on its respective side of the median voter. Concerning the basic two-party model of Downs, Garrett and Lange (1989: 679) object that converging to the median voter is not a good strategy as the two parties in the centre should fear the potential entry of a third party which would 29 See also Alesina (1988b: 800).
While the Christian principles are particular evident in their conservative positions concerning societal and ethical questions, their economic policy preferences have shifted from the support of state interventionism and public ownership to a more liberal stance towards state interventionism from the 1970s onwards. Thus, Christian-democratic parties have moved to the right in terms of economic policy, but are often still promoting state-intervention in social policy. The three party families characterized so far are generally considered to be on the right or centre-right, even though there are differences among them when compared internationally.
In his 1977 article he argues that the most important problem of macroeconomic policy is the trade-off between unemployment and inflation (Phillips curve). Governments need to make this trade-off by either opting for 37 In Germany, this theoretical approach initially appeared in theories of the party state as developed by Leibholz (1967) who pronounced the decisive role of parties in the decision-making process in a modern party state like the post-war Germany. g. 1980; 1982) in the early 1980s.
Partisan Policy-Making in Western Europe: How Ideology Influences the Content of Government Policies by Sebastian Hartmann