By Toshio Ogawa
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Extra resources for Piezoelectric Materials
Piezocer‐ amics properties as a function of the structure in the system (K,Na,Li)(Nb,Ta,Sb)O3. IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control. 2009;56:1835.  Rubio-Marcos F, Romero JJ, Fernandez JF, Marchet P. Control of the crystalline structure and piezoelectric properties of (K,NaLi)(Nb,Ta,Sb)O3 ceramics through transition metal oxide doping. Appl. Phys. Express. 2011;4:10150.  Dai YJ, Zhang XW, Chen KP. Morphotropic phase boundary and electrical properties of K1−xNaxNbO3 lead-free ceramics.
5TiO3 particles synthesized by different methods (a) topochemical micro‐ crystal conversion, (b) conventional mixed oxide route. 5772/62688 overlapping of A1 (longitudinal optical) and E (longitudinal optical) bands. The NBT particles produced by TMC method show broadened and diffuse peaks around 270 cm−1 (Ti–O) and 450–700 cm−1 (TiO6) vibration modes. It can be noted that the two individual TiO6 octahedra vibration modes tend to diffuse, where the later mode centered around 550 cm−1 of the TMCsynthesized BNT sample exhibits weakening in intensity, which indicates the softening behavior in modes.
2006; 89: 1951–1956. x  Seabaugh MM, Kerscht IH, Messing GL: Texture development by templated grain growth in liquid-phase-sintered α-Alumina. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 1997; 80: 1181–1188. x  Raymond ES, Thomas EM: Topochemical synthesis of three dimensional perovskites from lamellar precursors. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000; 122: 2798–2803. 5NbmO3 (m (2–4)) by neutron powder diffraction and electron microscopy. J. Solid State Chem. 2002; 167: 86–96. 5TiO3 particles synthesized by topochemical microcrystal conversion method.
Piezoelectric Materials by Toshio Ogawa