By Bharat Bhushan(auth.)
This absolutely up-to-date moment variation offers the reader with the forged knowing of tribology that's necessary to engineers concerned about the layout of, and making sure the reliability of, computing device elements and structures. It strikes from simple conception to perform, reading tribology from the built-in point of view of mechanical engineering, mechanics, and fabrics technological know-how. It deals certain assurance of the mechanisms of fabric put on, friction, and the entire significant lubrication concepts - beverages, solids, and gases - and examines a variety of either conventional and state of the art applications.
For this variation, the writer has incorporated updates on friction, put on and lubrication, in addition to thoroughly revised fabric together with the newest breakthroughs in tribology on the nano- and micro- point and a revised advent to nanotechnology. additionally integrated is a brand new bankruptcy at the rising box of eco-friendly tribology and biomimetics.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–8):
Chapter 2 constitution and homes of Solids (pages 9–82):
Chapter three strong floor Characterization (pages 83–179):
Chapter four touch among stable Surfaces (pages 181–269):
Chapter five Adhesion (pages 271–320):
Chapter 6 Friction (pages 321–401):
Chapter 7 Interface Temperature of Sliding Surfaces (pages 403–445):
Chapter eight put on (pages 447–544):
Chapter nine Fluid movie Lubrication (pages 545–653):
Chapter 10 Boundary Lubrication and Lubricants (pages 655–688):
Chapter eleven Nanotribology (pages 689–788):
Chapter 12 Friction and put on Screening try tools (pages 789–803):
Chapter thirteen Bulk fabrics, Coatings, and floor remedies for Tribology (pages 805–897):
Chapter 14 Tribological parts and functions (pages 899–947):
Chapter 15 eco-friendly Tribology and Biomimetics (pages 949–962):
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Extra resources for Principles and Applications of Tribology, Second Edition
8b. This pz orbital forms a π bond by overlapping side to side with a pz orbital of an adjacent atom to which the carbon is attached by a σ bond. The π bond and σ bond together constitute a double bond. 8c. 1415 nm) to three other carbon atoms, arranged at the apexes of an equilateral triangle. The three hybridized valence electrons of carbon atoms create σ bonds and the remaining unhybridized fourth electron creates π bonds between the two carbon atoms. The sheets of carbon atoms are attracted to each other only by the weak van der Waals forces (London forces), to be described later.
Unit cell Simple cubic (sc) Body-centered cubic (bcc) Face-centered cubic (fcc) Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) Note: ∗ R is the atomic radius. 4 Schematics of (a) hexagonal structure; and (b) hexagonal close-packed structure. remaining valence electrons are delocalized and are capable of moving readily through the two-dimensional structure. The adjacent graphite layers have only secondary attractions to each other. 4b. Therefore, each atom touches three atoms in the layer below its plane, six atoms in its own plane, and three atoms in the layer above.
2 nm). At very small interatomic distances, the electron clouds of atoms overlap, and a strong repulsive force is created that determines how close two atoms or molecules can ultimately approach each other. These repulsive forces are sometimes referred to as exchange repulsion or hard core repulsion, and are characterized as having a very short range and increasing very sharply as two atoms or molecules come together. In 1937, F. London calculated the dispersion forces from the reasoning based on quantum mechanics (London, 1937).
Principles and Applications of Tribology, Second Edition by Bharat Bhushan(auth.)