By Alice Shepherd
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Additional info for Proto-Wintun
Irregular Correspondences The sets include the following irregular correspondences: 271. d::b * ’ube, mouse, rat; W ’udeh, white-footed mouse, fieldmouse, rat; PCC, K t’ubes, rat, woodrat; PR t’ubes, rat, mouse; N has both b and d (perhaps folk-etymology). 272. n::h *nup-u, dive; W nupe, to dive; PH, R hupu, to dive *nur, salmon; W nu(·)r, salmon; PH, R hur, salmon Cf. *hap-a, dig ? pick up ? and W napa, to gather or pick acorns, and sets under *haw-a·l, wrap around, and *naw, robe Whistler (1976d: 3) suggested reconstructing a voiceless nasal for the n::h correspondence, stating that voiceless nasals are present in Klamath and other Northwest languages.
Yal-, leave). , PCC yel§a, late, last; PK yel tepi»a, last spring). 5 *§el-, in horizontally, reflected in W as §el-, in horizontally, inside, and in PCC, PK and PR as §el-, in, into. , §elti, inside; §elin, all over). , pi hamtaro bo·s kewe»a §el, he’s sitting inside the house). ). 6 *§ol-, up, is reflected in W as §ol-, up, above and in PK as §ol-, up. , §ole·l, up, above; §olti, above, above there). Whether the PK recording §ol, up, indicates an independent word is unclear. It also occurs in PCC as §ole·l, up and in PK as §olel, up.
K’ililuk, hawk sp. 312. Root Reduplication Roots may be reduplicated by simply doubling the entire root minus any length. Since most roots are of the shape CVC, the majority of reduplicated forms are of the shape CVC-CVC. Examples of reduplication are: *k’ok’o, flea; *halhal, repetitive or prolonged thinking; *tiltil, ringing sound; * ’ereC ’ereC, ’iriC ’iriC ? ; ’uru(C) ’uruC, cricket; *sasasapa, oriole. The only morphophonemic rule that applies to reduplication is that when the root has a long vowel, its copy has the corresponding short vowel.
Proto-Wintun by Alice Shepherd