By Manuela Naldini
This paintings analyses in a ancient and comparative standpoint the connection among the kin and the welfare nation in Mediterranean nations: Italy and Spain. goals shape the point of interest of the ebook. to start with, to open the black field of the kin in welfare country research, introducing a spotlight on inter-generational and family relatives. Secondly, to give an explanation for why the southern welfare states have provided very low help to households with young children through considering a number of elements: the legacy of fascism, the function of the Church, and the explicit function performed by way of leftist events in defining kin coverage as labour coverage.
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Additional info for The Family in the Mediterranean Welfare States
While population and family issues attracted little attention prior to the 1920s (with the exception of France), the situation was rapidly altered as a result of the above-mentioned major demographic and economic changes. The decline of fertility raised alarms in several circles and was a subject of major political concern in many countries. In Italy and Spain fertility declines were observed from the early nineteenth century, but it was not until the 1920s and 1930s that the decline escalated and become pervasive in Italy.
The wife is rewarded for being a housewife and, if employed, for being on a very low income. The tax system favours married couples, whether or not they have children (Hantrais, 1994). In addition, and in contrast to the French family policy model, the German model has been marked by incertitude in its planning and by discontinuity (Kaufmann, 1996). The historical case of the United Kingdom has often been mentioned as one of the best illustrative examples of a strong non-interventionist policy of government in family matters, Unlike France, governments in Britain conceive the family first of all as a private matter and do not aim to help women to combine professional and family life.
There is more than one reason for the decline in official female activity rates in Italy from 1911 to 1931. The first is the passage from manufacturing to industry. Second might be the growing influence of the labour movement, which opposed the entrance of female labour into male jobs. e. fixing a threshold level of women’s employment in public services). Finally, new legislation protecting women workers made female labour more expensive and therefore less attractive (Ballestrero, 1979 and 1996).
The Family in the Mediterranean Welfare States by Manuela Naldini