By Steven M. Lowenstein
The following, in a single compact quantity, is an illuminating survey of Jewish folkways on 5 continents. full of attention-grabbing evidence and willing insights, The Jewish Cultural Tapestry is a richly woven textile that vividly captures the range of Jewish lifestyles. All Jews are sure jointly via the typical thread of the Torah and the Talmud, notes writer Steven Lowenstein, yet this thread takes on a special color in several components of the area, as Jewish culture and native non-Jewish customs intertwine. Lowenstein describes those greatly various local Jewish cultures with needlepoint accuracy, highlighting the usually excellent similarities among Jewish and non-Jewish neighborhood traditions, and revealing why Jewish customs differ up to they do from zone to sector. We stopover at the good Ashkenazic and Sephardic cultures of Europe and the Mediterranean; the original Jewish cultures of Iraq, Persia, Ethiopia and Yemen; the little-known cultures of the Bukharian Jews of imperative Asia, the Cochin Jews of India, and the Kaifeng Jews of China. We examine local spiritual practices, marriage ceremony ceremonies and marriage customs; diversified traditions of Jewish track and Jewish costume; and the origins of Jewish names. Lowenstein additionally surveys Jewish food worldwide, delivering easy-to-prepare conventional recipes, starting from kugel and blintzes to Malawach from Yemen, T'beet from Iraq, Mina de Cordero from Turkey, and Passover Soup from Uzbekistan. From Europe to India, Israel to the USA, The Jewish Cultural Tapestry deals an interesting evaluate of the customs and folkways of a humans united through culture, but scattered to the a long way corners of the earth. Packaged in an enticing huge structure, this superbly illustrated quantity will be a significant present for the vacations.
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Extra info for The Jewish Cultural Tapestry: International Jewish Folk Traditions
The 10,000–15,000 Aramaic-speaking Jews of Kurdistan in northern Iraq. 7. The 3500 or so Krimchaks, rabbinic Jews living on the now Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea, who spoke a Tatar language. 8. From 3000 to 5000 Jews in the Yanina region (Epirus) of northern Greece who spoke a Jewish dialect of Greek, unlike the other Greek Jews, who spoke Judeo-Spanish (see group 3). 9. From 1500 to 2000 Jews of Cochin in southern India, who spoke an Indian language (Malayalam). As will become clear in the following chapter, Jews sometimes spoke their own version of the language of their non-Jewish neighbors and sometimes spoke a language totally different from (and incomprehensible to) the non-Jews.
By comparison with the groups just mentioned, the rabbinic Jews shared many things: the Hebrew language, the basic structure of the prayer book, the same holidays, and the same structure of Jewish religious law. Still there was plenty of room for local and regional differences. There are alternative ways of classifying the major subdivisions of the rabbinic Jews. They can be divided by (1) traditions of Hebrew pronunciation, prayer book liturgy, and liturgical music; (2) spoken traditional Jewish language; or (3) settlement history.
For instance, the Hasidim were largely restricted to the south of line 1. Jews living west of line 2 people ate gefilte fish sweetened with sugar, to the horror of those east of the line, who spiced it with pepper and salt. Why these borders were so vital to Ashkenazic cultural life is hard to say. Because Poland was so weak, had few natural boundaries, and was surrounded by strong countries, it could not keep its independence for long. Between 1772 and 1795, Poland was partitioned among Russia, Austria, and Prussia (later part of Germany).
The Jewish Cultural Tapestry: International Jewish Folk Traditions by Steven M. Lowenstein