By Goran Bexell
Questions about common ethics are of extreme significance for peaceable family among countries, cultures and religions. Are there universal values or are all morals simply expressions for varied political, fiscal or spiritual pursuits? during this ebook students from diverse educational fields and with a number of perspectives speak about questions that during alternative ways trouble either the probabilities and hazards of common or universal ethics. The publication is split into 5 elements: philosophical and moral views, human rights views, common ethics and faith, globalization and international governance, common ethics and Nordic values. students from such fields as philosophy, ethics, human rights, historical past, political technological know-how, sociology and theology are represented. the gathering is directed to pros in numerous disciplines, yet may also function an advent to the topic of common ethics.
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Extra info for Universal Ethics:Perspectives and Proposals from Scandinavian Scholars (The Raoul Wallenberg Institute Human Rights Library, Volume 11)
The American psychologist Donald T. Campbell has contributed to this understanding in an interesting way. 6 Campbell asserts that human social complexity has been made possible through social evolution, and that this social evolution has had to defend collective social interests and to counter individual selfish tendencies. Moral systems as well as religion have fulfilled this task and have contributed to social effectiveness. His estimation of the recipes for living, which tradition has supplied us with, is twosided.
204. 15 Habermas, J. (1990) Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action; Cambridge, The MIT Press, p. 67. 16 Habermas does not flesh this out, but let us follow this important line of thought. Our mundane ideas of justice remain for the most part unarticulated in positive terms, but can rather be described in terms of the negation or absence of perceived injustice, as some unqualified state of improvement of what is unjust and wrong in the existing conditions. For this reason, the "ideals" of the everyday moral consciousness are, for example, better described in terms of a longing for a "better life", a conception which differs greatly with respect to what is at stake from anticipation of the good life which could somehow be formally defined.
A CONTRACTUAL APPROACH TO ETHICS Why does something like an ethical problem appear? The basis for an ethical problem, according to the contractual approach to ethics, is a conflict of interest. Individuals as well as groups have diverging interests, values or goals. When these interests need different actions in order to be realised, there is a conflict on the right thing to do. This conflict is the basis of ethical problems and the ground for moral questioning. It is not presupposed that the different interests involved are self-interests.
Universal Ethics:Perspectives and Proposals from Scandinavian Scholars (The Raoul Wallenberg Institute Human Rights Library, Volume 11) by Goran Bexell