Download e-book for iPad: Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not: Global Economic by Prasannan Parthasarathi

By Prasannan Parthasarathi

ISBN-10: 0521168244

ISBN-13: 9780521168243

Why Europe Grew wealthy and Asia didn't offers a amazing new resolution to the vintage query of why Europe industrialized from the overdue eighteenth century and Asia didn't. Drawing considerably from the case of India, Prasannan Parthasarathi indicates that during the 17th and eighteenth centuries, the complex areas of Europe and Asia have been extra alike than various, either characterised through subtle and growing to be economies. Their next divergence should be attributed to diversified aggressive and ecological pressures that during flip produced diversified kingdom guidelines and fiscal results. This account breaks with traditional perspectives, which carry that divergence happened simply because Europe possessed more suitable markets, rationality, technology, or associations. It deals as a substitute a groundbreaking rereading of worldwide fiscal improvement that levels from India, Japan and China to Britain, France, and the Ottoman Empire and from the cloth and coal industries to the jobs of technology, expertise, and the kingdom.

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3 Average current and constant prices of selected textiles in English retailers’ inventories, 1660–1738 (d. per yard) Type of cloth Woolens Heavy broadcloths Kerseys Frieze Serge Baize Flannel Stuffs Linens and cottons Fine Holland Linen Blue linen Osnaburg Fustian Calico Scotch cloth 1660–1699 (current and constant) 1700–1738 (current and constant) 56 21 22 24 18 10 9 54 25 21 19 10 15 9 41 11 10 8 8 12 13 32 13 10 8 10 24 10 Note: Constant prices were obtained by using the Phelps-Brown and Hopkins index with the base changed to 1660–99.

003 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2012 India and the global economy, 1600–1800 31 Some of the most detailed evidence for these changes in Europe comes from England, where Indian calicoes and muslins arrived in the seventeenth century, in the middle of a marked consumer shift in favor of lighter and more colorful cloth. The rise of the New Draperies in the late sixteenth century, which replaced heavier broadcloths, marked the first stage in this move. This was followed in the seventeenth century by a growing demand for French silks, which combined the desire for lightness with that for colorful and elaborate designs.

Many Europeans in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries remarked upon this and saw it as one of the great appeals of Indian goods. 33 In addition to their ability with dyes, Indian manufacturers were unparalleled in the production of fine muslin cloths. These textiles had long been famous around the world and they were in great demand in the eighteenth century. The superfine varieties of Dacca are the best known and the lightness of the cloth and fineness of the weave were legendary. These qualities were captured in the names of the different varieties, which included subnam (evening dew) because the cloth resembled the dew on sand, abraban (running water) because it could not be seen in water, alaballee (very fine), tanjeb (ornament of the body) and kasa (elegant).

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Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not: Global Economic Divergence, 1600-1850 by Prasannan Parthasarathi

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